The Impact of the Internet on Contemporary Literature

Literature basically is everything that has ever been written. Anything from the earliest poems of Homer, to today's web pages, can be considered literature. But for a specific sense, there are various kinds of literature. Literature can be written in a specific language, like English Literature or be written by a specific culture, such as African Literature. But literature really means more than printed words and the internet certainly is a part of literature. I should note that the word literature comes from the French phrase belles-lettres, which means "beautiful writing". When a piece of work is called literature, it is usually considered a great work of art. The internet literature does not need to have this way for the fact that no one controls the internet literature. In the following essay I am going to speak about the impact of the internet on literature of nowdays.

There are two main classes of literature which are also present on the internet: fiction and nonfiction. Fiction is writing that an author creates from the imagination. Authors may include personal experience, or facts about real people or events, but they combine these facts with imagined situations (Moran, 45). In non-internet literature the project undergoes at least some sort of censorship in terms of what words can be used, yet the internet allows the authors to put anything they desire on the web site and enjoy it. Most fiction is narrative writing, such as novels and short stories. Fiction also includes drama and poetry. Nonfiction is factual writing about real-life situations. The principle forms of nonfiction include the essay, biography, autobiography, and diary (Browner, 90). The internet presents a new forms – internet pages, or internet books.

People read literature for a variety of reasons. The most common reason for reading is pleasure. People read to pass the time, or for information and knowledge. Through literature, people meet characters they can identify with, and sometimes find solutions for their own problems. With literature, a person can often understand situations that could not otherwise understand in real life (Koehler, 28). Often, just the arrangement of the words can be enjoyable, just as a child likes the sound of "Ring Around the Rosie", even though they might not understand what the words mean. There are four elements of literature: characters, plot, theme, and style. A good author has the ability to balance these elements, creating a unified work of art. The characters make up the central interest of many dramas and novels, as well as biographies and autobiographies. A writer must know each character thoroughly and have a clear idea about each ones look, speech, and thoughts. The internet literature is not difficult to create for the fact that unlike "traditional" literature the internet literature requires minimal start up costs (Moran, 47). And because reading usually involves convenience, at some point of time one would not be surprised to see convenient electronic devices that could be transported anywhere and would download books from the Internet and present them in digital format.

Motivation is the reason for characters actions. A good writer will be sure that the motives of a character are clear and logical. The internet writers do not have to be this way, they are not controlled and they severely risky anything by publishing online. Setting is where a character's story takes place. The plot is built around a series of events that take place within a finite period. It is what happens to the characters. No rules exist for the order in which the events are presented. A unified plot has a beginning, middle, and an end. In literary terms, a unified plot includes an exposure, a rising action, a climax, and a denouement, or outcome. The exposure gives the background and situation of the story (Browner, 93). The rising action builds upon the exposure. It creates suspense, or a reader's desire to find out what happens next. The climax is the highest point of interest, also a turning point of a story. The denouement is the conclusion. The theme is the basic idea expressed by a work of literature. It develops from the interplay of character and plot. A theme may contain morals, to warn the reader to lead a better life or a different kind of life. The internet literature does not have to be this way at all because no one controls it. The write take minimal risk in terms of investment, yet possibly can find readers from all over the world, which can pay for the e-book and download it to their own computers, is very high (Moran, 49).

A serious writer strives to make his work an honest expression of sentiment, or true emotion. They avoid sentimentality, which means giving too much emphasis to emotion or pretending to feel an emotion. A writer of honest emotion does not have to tell the reader what to think about a story. A good story will direct the reader to the author's conclusion. Style is the way a writer uses words to create literature. It is difficult to enjoy a story's characters or plot without enjoying the author's style (Browner, 98). The style of an author is as important as what he is trying to say. Point of view, or the way a story is presented, is another part of style. A writer may tell a story in the first person, using the pronoun I, as though the narrator were a major or minor character in it. Or, the writer may use the third person method, in which the narrator stands apart from the characters and describes the action using such pronouns as he and she. There are two types of third person views: limited and omniscient. In the third person limited point of view, the narrator describes the events as seen by a single character. In the third person omniscient, or all knows, point of view, the narrator reports on what several characters are thinking and feeling. Reading is an unintentionally personal art. There are no final rules for judging a piece of writing. Often, people's judgment of a work can change as taste and fashion change. Yet the classics continue to challenge readers' imaginations and give ageless advice. Shakespeare will most likely be as popular a hundred years from now as he is today. That is power of literature. Literature is timeless (Moran, 53).

It should be noted that literature can have many and different values ​​on a person and it is the internet that allows literary values ​​to be delivered to the audience without any barriers. It is all depending on the story and the value or moral issue the author wants, you, the reader to get out of it. The value literature had on me was actually hard to put into words. But to understand the value of literature you must know the definition of value and literature. Value has many meanings but there is two that relate (Browner, 102). Worth in usefulness or importance to the possessor and a principle, standard, or quality considered worthy or desirable. Literature is a body of writings in prose or verse. Literature produces value because it is basically an analysis of an experience or situation (Koehler, 30). I got a different value out of each story. With Mark Twain's The Adventure of Huckleberry Finn it showed me that one does not have to be civilized or conform to the ideas of society to become cultured or mature. With Huck Finn he ran away from everything that was considered civilized (Moran, 58). He had nothing and really did not want anything. But at the same time he experienced and matured living dangerously. This made me value Huck's adventure and take it as my own. Huck proves his marriage when he comments on how the king and duke dupe the villagers into believing that they are the dead man's brothers, and Huck says, "I never see anything so disgusting." (Twain 163) Even though the king and duke commit An awful act on the villagers he still feels sorry for them when they get tarred. Huck comments, "Human beings can be awful cruel to one another." (Twain 225) In William Faulkner's Barn Burning it told a man named Abner Snopes who burned barns when upset or mad. This was his way of getting back at them. "Barn Burning" has two very evident struggles (Browner, 105). Abner oppresses his family just as the upper class has oppressed him. "Barn Burning" to me is based on misdirected anger. Which is basically happening in these days. For example, a teenager and his parents have it out, he leaves, and now his anger is directed toward anything in his pathway. "Barn Burning" has a value in that it shows in life that people actually misdirect their anger. Such as in the school shootings and bomb threats that have occurred in the past couple of years (Koehler, 33). Just like Abner Snopes felt like an outsider to the upper class, so did the students who committed these violent acts. In "The Swimmer", it made me value life and what it brings. Because if your not careful or you do not watch out it will past you up without notice (Browner, 109). As with "Everyday Use", one of the daughters did not value who she was or who she was because she was going out looking for her history. Which she already had at her fingertips.


In conclusion I would like to note that reading all of the literature which colleges and universities assign to their students involves very high costs to the society in terms of paper consumption and time wasting (that involves going to the library, or to the book shop, Etc). The internet and the ability to download the books from online to one portable device would reduce the costs, save the trees, and will make people more efficient. I realize that there are a lot of things that we as people in this society take for granted. Literature has made me value a lot of experiences and situations so far and I enjoy holding the paper book in the evening preparing for the next day, yet I do not protest against the use of the digital technology to create digital books that would contribute not only To the efficiency but also to the reduced costs to the whole society.

Business Broadband Deals

Any business, whether it is home based or, a large enterprise that employs several individuals, choosing the best broadband deals would go a long way in helping the owner of the business save a great deal in terms of the money as well as the time invested . Irrespective of the nature of the size of the business venture, the number of employees that it employs or the genre of the business, it would need a phone as well as an Internet to operate and function these days. It becomes imperative that business owners thoroughly analyze the existing market and only then opt for the best broadband package that would best suit their company's financial as well as future prospects.

While going in for Business Broadband Deals, it would augur well for companies to compare several other packages available, procuring quotes from other service providers and comparing them, separately from visiting the websites of the companies and comprehensively scrutinizing the feedback of the customers as these measures Would only help in accelerating their savings. By choosing both the phone as well as the Broadband packages as one collective deal, the customers secure the benefit of saving hugely on the price per deal. But on the other hand, if the customers take the time off to compare a variety of providers before getting to closing in on one, they stand a better chance of finding a better service provider at a more affordable cost. Based upon the number of employees in the office, the number of computers installed separately from the number of phones used by the employees, it would always be better that the business owner chooses to go in for a Business Broadband Deal that is wireless, as so That each employee not only has an access to the internet, but also to the wireless phone connection at their work stations.

There would be multiple Business Broadband sermons. Depending upon how many computers are there on the network and the network that the business houses are wanting to conduct their businesses in, it would be far more practical and viable that the business enterprises go in for faster network speeds so that their customers could get To have a quick insight into the inventory orders placed and any other information as fast as they possibly could or possibly redress issues that might come with a client or a client order. A speedy and a quick broadband connectivity would also mean a better productivity of the employees, maximum output as well as better client response and revenues.

Businesses these days prefer to opt for bundled up packages of both the phone as well as the Broadband Deals as they come by at lower rates as well as services. These packages also rest assure the customers that the quality of the services as well as that of the Internet would be as fast and as easily accessible as ever.


Getting the best of the Business Broadband Deals is not that difficult a proposition. No matter what the size of the company might be, there are Broadband package to be every business and every budget.


This would mean that the company is not left in the dark, if and when the Internet connection snaps off. As most levels of business packages offer some level of extra support, the businesses would not have to be left in the lurch without any adequate backup support, never mind if it only is a dialup support.


This ensures that the companies go in for a good as well as an economic service provider, that saves both the time as well as the money of the business owner in terms of ANY lost files and information being both saved as well as retrieved, as when Necessary. Since hackers generally target business computers rather than home computers, it would auger well for business homes to keep their internet connection secure with the basic security. And most Business Broadband packages come with the extended facility where, the customers could get to choose the levels of security that would best suit their company at all levels.


This is one other aspect that business owners need to worry about and not the home owners per se, as the businesses would have to use various connections like the FTP and the Web Servers from their existing servers. Normally, it is pretty simple to organize and set up these types of ports that come with these extended services. But to do this, the customer has to ensure that the business has a static IP address which would mean a single address to any business that does NOT change and one that is constant, unlike a home based Broadband.


This feature as well as factor is incredibly important as this would play a cruel role in helping new establishments and companies save up on HUGE revenues when they desire to set up their business ventures. A better way to get the best broadband deal, would be through comparing the prices of other service providers, their price, the quality of their service, the customer support offered. Neverheless, what has to be reckoned with is that not all Business Broadband packages come with similar affordable rates and services.


We are in the time and age of a communication revolution and communication influx. Businesses have over the recent past, completely metamorphosed the manner in which they operate and function. Technology has incredibly transformed the very fabric of business functionalities. The need of the hour is for businesses to be more technologically savvy and adapt to the changing technological environments, so that their businesses become more lucrative for their clients and their employees in turn get to become more productive and efficient. The future is all about choosing the best of Business Broadband Deals that enable organizations to accelerate the momentum of their businesses and gain better profits.

Race, Ethnicity, and Participation in Leisure Activities

In "Gender and Leisure" by Susan Shaw and "Ethnicity, Race, and Leisure" by James H. Gramann and Maria T. Allison, the authors describe major ways in which race, ethnicity, and gender influence access and participation in recreation and leisure .

While distinctions of gender are fairly clear in examining the differences between males and females, despite the emergence of a transgendered community, a key difficulty in assessing the impact of race and ethnicity is the way these are defined. That's because of a growing multicultural society in the US, Europe, the UK and Canada, which are blurring traditional and ethnic distinctions. But, putting those difficulties aside, this article first discusses the influence of gender and then of race and ethnicity.

As Shaw points out, there are three main ways in which gender has influenced leisure – in terms of activity participation, the gendered nature of leisure constitutions, and through gendered outcomes of leisure. The activity approach has shown that a number of activities are stereotyped according to gender, and that there have been differences in "opportunities, experiences, and a time for leisure." For example, as can be readily observed by anyone who goes to a sports event or visits museums, art galleries, and public lectures, as confirmed by the research, there is a greater participation by men in "sports and physical activities" and by women In "arts and cultural activities." Then, too, there is a gendered nature to passive leisure, which affects the books, magazines, and film men and women read and view, as well as the hobbies and crafts they participate in. While Shaw notes that little research has examined these differences, these distinctions based on gender can already be seen in the way marketers target certain types of books, such as those on self-help and relationships to women, and those on sports and business to men . Similarly, films dealing with romance and relationships are targeted to women, and films featuring adventure and action to men.

Also, confirming what has been evident to the general public, in modern industrialized societies, men have generally had more time to participate in leisure activities, because of what sociologist Arlie Hochschild, who I studied with at UC Berkeley, calls the "second shift. " This is because working and married women have generally taken on most of the household and childcare chores at home, so they not only have participated in the paid work, but when they come home, they work again. Meanwhile, since they have been less engaged than women in the household, the men get to enjoy additional leisure time, thanks to their women partners.

However, these studies cited by Shaw about women having less leisure time were done in the 1980s and 1990s. In recent years, this distinction between the leisure time for men and women seems to be changing, according to the popular media, in that men are more importantly involved in splitting up the housework and parenting. This shift is even reflected in the popular media, where the men end up with the kids and learn to enjoy being dads, such as Once Fallen. At the same time, successful women workers are hiring nannies to do the housework and care for their kids and even hiring surrogates to birth them.

As for constraints, these differently affect the opportunities men and women have for leisure. For example, the 1980s and 1990s research cited has shown that women are more constrained than men because of household obligations and family commitments, and because they feel a social obligation due to the "ethic of care," where women may feel an obligation to care For others, so they feel less free to enjoy leisure for themselves. Then, too, women may feel constrained from participating in certain types of activities, because of their fear of violence (such as in boxing and wrestling) or their concern with their body image (such as in swimming), while men may resist participating in Activities that seem too feminine and threaten them masculinity (such as ballet).

When it comes to race and ethnicity, it is more complicated to measure either participation or constitutions, because of the problems in classifying people by race or ethnicity. These classification problems have occurred because of ethnic and racial diversity and multiculturalism, so the old census racial classifications are breaking down, as pointed out by Gramann and Allison. But those complications aside, much of the research has focused on the different ways that different ethnic and racial groups participate in outdoor recreation, and the results have indicated that Whites tend to participate more in these activities than minority group members. While one reason that many minority group members do not participate is due to their marginal position in society, wheree they have a lower income and can not afford to participate, have poor transportation, or fear discrimination, another factor may be cultural differences. Certainly, marginality could be a factor for those with limited incomes, when they have to pay substantial amounts to participate in leisure activities that are mostly participating in by Whites, such as going to dinners in expensive restaurants or paying entry fees for theater and other cultural Events.

But another key factor, apart from income and social class is that the members of racial and ethnic groups may have their own "culturally based value system, norms, and leisure socialization patterns," so they have different interests. An example of this can be seen in areas of ethnic concentration, such as Oakland, where there is a Chinatown in the downtown area, African-American areas in Western and East Oakland, and Latin-American areas in the Fruitvale district. In each area, there are different types of activities that appeal to those in the ethnic groups in the area, such as the dragon boat races of the Chinese, the Kwanza celebration of the African-Americans, and the Day of the Dead celebration of Mexican -Americans. Also, members of the different groups may like reading books and magazines as well as viewing films that feature their own racial or cultural group, whereas Whites are less likely to be interested in these culturally-based types of entertainment. As Gramann and Allison point out, such racially and ethnic based choices of leisure may occur because they are "expressions of culture" or they may be an indication of "selective acculturation". Then too, these culturally-based forms of leisure could be examples of "ethnic boundary maintenance," where individuals individuals chose to engage in certain activities to highlight their ethnic differences, such as when Native Americans have pow-wows around the country to celebrate their tribal Identities.

Aspects of Website Development

Web development is explained as the process of coding or encrypting any standard computer language with the purpose of building a website through the process of programming. The developmental process of a website can range from the very basic and simple text application all the way to the highly complex and very complicated net applications.

Web development is considered as one of the most evolving and growing industries all over the world now. The number of organizations all around the globe that work to develop websites for different individuals and organizations have multiplied to a greater extent over the past few years. One of the ways to measure how fast growing and important industry is, is from the fact that the increasing number of firms established, during a short course of time, as web development organizations that are running successfully. All major businesses all over the world should be given credit for investing in this sector, supporting and assisting it which resulted in the success of this field. The trust and support put by these businesses in the field of web development has proven to be a milestone in the success of this sector in the most effective manner.

One of the major problems faced by business run around the world, is the cost that they have to pay in the field of web application and web development. The cost can increase as much as the complexity of the website increases, meaning that if more features are desired to be put on the website and more coding is required then the cost would increase simultaneously. But now, as times change and advanced research in all fields is being done, the cost of developing a website as reduced to much more. Affordable rates are available now on developing websites that are cost effective for the businesses. Now developing a web page is more cheap and affordable as compared to what it used to be in the previous times. So, it is now considered as an essential for every business to have a well-developed website that would help them expand their business and without much expenditure.

Tools and applications that are used in the developmental process of the website are available to the public which makes web development more popular all around the world. Amongst the most popular tools that are used to develop web pages are MySQL, PHP, Linux and many others. A large number of people that use the internet use these tools of web development and web applications in order to upgrade their websites, thus, a major part in playing with these tools in the world of website development.

Coming towards the phase of website development, the entire process involved in the development of the site considers a number of security cogitations. These are found in all web applications, even after careful evaluation and testing and the later launch stage. This is done in order to prevent hackers from exploiting security breaches and avoiding hacking. This is easy and simple to do and anyone having slight knowledge of the internet can do it. This is done by coding that aids in illegal access and collecting all the confidential information about the owner of the website.